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Abnormal Periods

Abnormal Periods and Excessive Bleeding

Abnormal bleeding and excessive bleeding can be confusing symptoms to understand for women since monthly bleeding is a normal occurrence during your reproductive years. Determining what is abnormal and excessive bleeding is important in identifying and underlying causes of pain, ensuring that your reproductive organs are functioning properly, and to preserve your fertility.

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What is considered a normal menstrual cycle?

Your menstrual cycle should occur about every 28 days, with bleeding lasting anywhere from 3-7 days. Any bleeding outside of this pattern can be considered abnormal, indicating a problem with the cervix or uterus.

It can be difficult to assess the actual amount of bleeding during your period, so we recommend monitoring the amount of pads or tampons used each day to determine fluid loss. If you are repeatedly soaking through a tampon or pad every two hours, this is considered heavy menstrual bleeding and should be brought to our attention.

Other Symptoms of Abnormal Bleeding

  • Spotting or bleeding between menstrual periods
  • Heavy bleeding
  • Bleeding for a longer period of time than normal
  • Bleeding after sex
  • Bleeding after menopause
  • Lack of menstrual bleeding for 3-6 months, also known as amenorrhea
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What Causes Abnormal and Excessive Bleeding (Abnormal Periods)?

There are a number of reasons a woman may experience abnormal periods or excessive bleeding, including:

  • Pregnancy
  • Endometriosis
  • Hormonal disorders including PCOS
  • Ovulation dysfunction
  • Uterine fibroids
  • Uterine polyps
  • Certain medications and contraceptive methods
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